Technology history in June marks the birth of corporate giants, cult products and game legends. From Sonic the Hedgehog and Tetris to Atari and IBM, it all starts in June. Read the details below.
June 1, 1999: Napster launches
The service that changed the way we buy and consume music was invented and launched by teenagers Shawn Fanning and Sean Parker at the time. They envisioned Napster as a peer-to-peer file-sharing service, making it easier for people to share MP3 music files. It was an instant success. As more and more people copied their CD collections to their computers for sharing, more users flocked to the service. It was free music for everyone.
Less than a year after its launch, Napster has faced lawsuits from performers such as Metallica and Dr. Dre, claiming that the service enabled the infringement of their copyrighted music. The American Record Industry Association has also filed a lawsuit against the company on behalf of several major American record labels. Napster resolved or lost all cases and suspended its operations in 2001 after failing to comply with an order from the Ninth District Court of Appeals to stop sharing copyrighted music.
But that was not the end of Napster. His name and brand were sold at a bankruptcy auction and have gone through many iterations in the decades since. Napster is currently a paid audio streaming service owned by MelodyVR.
June 6, 1984 Tetris Born
There are few better examples of games that stand the test of time Tetris. It was created in 1984 by developers of the Soviet Academy of Sciences, Tetris rushed through Moscow. Every computer in town had a copy of the game.
During the 1980s, Tetris circulated over diskettes throughout the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. However, the absence of copyright in the Soviet bloc and Western skepticism about the Soviet product made it difficult for the game to reach audiences around the world.
It was not until 1987 that Western and Japanese gaming companies began obtaining Tetris transfer licenses for their consoles and computers. Game ports have appeared on platforms made by Nintendo, Sega, Atari, Commodore and more. But the Soviet origin of the game led to copyright disputes between distributors. It was not until Pjintov and others founded Tetris in 1996 that copyright and licensing issues were resolved.
Since then, Tetris has remained a mainstay in the video game industry, available on the widest possible range of devices and platforms. Go out with, Tetris has sold about 495 million copies worldwide. It is the most successful video game franchise not owned by Nintendo.
June 10, 1977: Apple II goes on sale
Almost all of Apple’s oldest supporters point to the Apple II as their company’s first product. Its predecessor, the Apple I, was released a year earlier and was an ordinary board with only 200 units ever produced. The Apple II was the first of many of the company’s products to change the world. He introduced the all-in-one computer model that has characterized Apple machines ever since.
The decision of Apple founders Steve Job and Steve Wozniak to include a keyboard, video display and plastic shell made the personal computer experience much more accessible to those who were interested in computing but could not make their own machines. In addition, eight expansion slots on the motherboard allowed users to add different cards to increase and personalize the usability of the machine.
The Apple II sold 4.8 million units in two years when the company discontinued it to make room for its successor, the Apple II Plus. The Apple II family continued to grow and sell during the 1980s and early 1990s. Apple sold six million Apple II computers during its 16 years of production. And all this despite the competition of Apple’s leading computer line: Macintosh.
June 16, 1911: IBM formed
IBM, one of the most integrative and successful technology companies in history, began more than a century ago as a Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company. But it didn’t start in a garage in the heart of Silicon Valley like many of today’s technology giants. Instead, it was a merger of four companies bought by financier Charles R. Flint: the Bundy Manufacturing Company, the Computing Scale Company of America, the International Time Recording Company, and the Tabulating Machine Company. Flint named the combined companies the “Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company”, renamed the “International Business Machines Corporation” in 1924.
In the beginning, each company kept its employees, brand and business. Early products included watches, punched cards, data processors, scales and meat cutters. However, IBM abandoned legacy branding and operations when it merged all of its operations under one flag in 1933. Since then, the company has pioneered multiple technological discoveries and inventions.
IBM’s notable inventions include hard disk, floppy disk, magnetic card, electronic key, ATM (ATM), universal product code (UPC bar code), and dynamic random access memory (DRAM). In addition, the company has invested in the acquisition of technology companies and patents for innovation and improvement of existing products. There are several technologies or services we use today that have not been influenced in any way by the innovative work done at IBM.
June 23, 1991 Sonic The Hedgehog Released
There are few video games that cause so much nostalgia for older players Sonic the Hedgehog. The game arose from a competition among Sega developers to create the company’s leading video game franchise to compete with Nintendo Super Mario Bros. line. Yuji Naka and Naoto Ohshima won with a prototype of a fast-moving platform game. Naka and Ohshima made Sonic himself the star of the game, the mascot of Sega and a direct rival to the king of video games: Maria.
The game was part of Sega’s efforts to produce a 16-bit gaming console that could challenge Nintendo’s dominance over the U.S. video game market. The company is in the package Sonic the Hedgehog and play Modified The beast with its new console offering: Sega Genesis. The quality of Sonica, the freshness of Genesis and a strong North American marketing campaign brought Segi the success they were looking for. Both Sonic and Sega have become cult for American video games like Nintendo and Mario.
To date, the Sonic the Hedgehog franchise has sold more than 145 copies worldwide, making it one of the top 20 best-selling franchises of all time. Outperforming favorite titles such as The legend of Zelda i Resident Evilbut never overthrowing Mary’s first place in the video game hierarchy.
June 27, 1972: Founded by Atari
On the heels of creation Computer Space, the world’s first commercially available video game, engineers Nolan Bushnell and Ted Dabney founded Atari to develop a new game and pinball machine. Their first creation was now a classic game, Pong.
After video game makers refused to license the game, the couple made a prototype arcade test locker for the market at Andy’s Kapp, a local tavern in Sunnyvale, California. Pong was a hit among patrons. Bushnell and Dabney produced a dozen more Pong cabinets to set up in other bars in the area. And soon, they could not keep up with the demand for Pong machines.
Success from Pong launched Atari into the center of the emerging video game industry. His next game was in 1973. Space Race, was a failure, selling only 1,500 units. However, the home version Pong was a huge success in 1975 and proved influential in the emerging home console market.
Atari’s initial success did not last long as tensions grew between the two founders. In March 1973, Dabney left the company and sold his shares for $ 250,000. And under Bushnell’s leadership, the company nearly went bankrupt. To create the capital needed to keep Atari in business, Bushnell sold Warner Communications for $ 28 million in 1976.