Los Angeles County has reported a second suspected case of monkeypox.
On Wednesday, the Department of Public Health said the latest case was in an adult who had just traveled. “They are symptomatic but are doing well and are far from others,” officials said in a statement.
That brings to eight the total number of confirmed and suspected monkeypox cases in California as of Wednesday afternoon.
“The risk of monkey pox in the general population is very low,” county health officials said in a statement. Sacramento County has reported five confirmed and suspected cases of monkey pox, according to the California Department of Public Health, while San Francisco reported one suspected case on Friday.
Los Angeles County Public Health Director Barbara Ferrer said last week that there were no signs of a major outbreak of monkey pox locally, but added that “we need to be prepared to look into more cases.”
LA County reported its first suspicious case last week. Both incidents occurred in people who recently traveled to LA County; They were both kept in isolation.
“While many cases resolve on their own, in rare cases monkey pox can be serious and we want to prevent further outbreaks in the community,” said a San Francisco health official. Susan Phillips said.
As of Wednesday afternoon, there were 40 confirmed and suspected mannequinpox cases nationally, most of them in New York (nine); California (eight); Florida (four); Colorado and Illinois (three of three); And Utah and the District of Columbia (two each).
In the current outbreak, 1,200 confirmed and suspected monkeypox cases have been reported in 29 countries, mostly in Europe and North America. Of those, the UK has reported more than 300; Spain and Portugal, about 200 each; And Germany and Canada, more than 100 each.
Officials said it was important for people to be aware of the symptoms and healthcare providers to be vigilant for new cases, as tailtail rash – which in some recent cases first appeared in the genital area – can sometimes look like the most common sexually transmitted disease. Infections. Health officials say they are hoping to include an outbreak of monkeypox but it is possible that there is a community outbreak of the virus.
The exclusive MonkeyPix variant, found in most cases in the United States, is linked to the European variant, said Capt. Jennifer McQueston, deputy director of the US Center for Disease Control and Prevention’s Division of High Consequences Pathogens and Pathology, at a news briefing. Last week
Nationally, the majority of Monkipax cases known to the CDC involve people who have just traveled or have had close contact with an infected person. But at least one recent case in the United States involved someone who did not know how he came in contact with the virus, McQueston said.
“It could be happening in other parts of the United States – there could be community-level broadcasts that are happening. And so we really want to increase our surveillance efforts,” McQueston said. “We really want to encourage physicians that, if they see a stain, and they are concerned that it could be monkey pox, go ahead and test for it.”
Health officials point out that preliminary data show that a large number of current monkeypacks cases involve men who have sex with men; However, anyone can be infected with the virus, including health workers and families caring for patients. According to McQueston, a recent case involves a woman.
In 1958, monkeys were first discovered in a colony of monkeys kept for scientific research. Most of the human cases of monkeys have historically been identified in the Democratic Republic of Congo, where the first human cases were identified in 1970. The monkey virus is found naturally in certain wildlife of that country; The CDC said mice and monkeys could harbor the virus and infect humans.
For world travelers, the CDC has issued a Level 2 MonkeyPacks Travel Warning warning of cases of monkeypox related to the recent outbreak on every continent except Antarctica.
The CDC urged world travelers to avoid close contact with sick people, including those with skin and genital injuries; Avoid contact with dead or living wild animals such as small mammals and non-human primates, monkeys and apes; Do not eat meat from wild game or wild animals from Africa such as using creams, powders and lotions; Do not come in contact with contaminants used by sick people such as clothing; And wear a mask, which can provide extra protection against many diseases.
Health officials emphasized that the risk was lower because monkey pox was not as contagious as other infectious diseases such as Covid-19. Among humans, MonkeyPix can be transmitted through close, lasting, skin-to-skin contact with a person with active pimples and MonkeyPix skin lesions. The virus can be spread during sexual and intimate contact and through shared bedding and clothing. It is also possible that it may spread over a very close range when kissing and breathing.
It can also be transmitted from animals to humans using monkey bites or scratches, wild game handles or products made from infected animals.
While airborne transmission is not considered a major means of transmitting the monkeypox, disease research has shown that monkeypox-infected individuals who may be infected during flight have not transmitted the virus to other passengers.
Health officials and experts have sought to balance their warnings, emphasizing the need to include outbreaks and identify cases, keeping in mind that people generally recover from the disease. They also warn that skin lesions can be painful.
“It can be really painful and some patients have reported needing prescription pain medication to manage that pain. Wounds can also cause long-lasting skin blemishes,” McQueston said.
Traditionally, monkeypox is believed to begin with a feeling of fever and malaise, followed by scarring. But in some recent cases, the rash has appeared earlier. Other symptoms may include headache, muscle aches, back pain, chills, fatigue, and swollen lymph nodes. Rare complications include sores appearing in the eye, which can endanger vision.
Monkeypox pimples cause well-rounded skin lesions, and as they grow, they turn into papules, which are raised areas of skin that can look like a pencil eraser, McQueston said. They can then be filled with clear liquid, which turns into pus.
The rash can look like syphilis and herpes, which is more common than monkeypox. McQueston said it can be difficult to differentiate monkeypox from other diseases, and that healthcare providers should be alert to potential cases and request testing if they suspect monkeypox. In some recent cases in Europe, humans have been infected with both monkey pox and sexually transmitted diseases simultaneously.
“They should be tested for monkeypacks, if they think they can be tested for another, more common” sexually transmitted infection, “said McQueston.
No deaths have been reported worldwide in the recent MonkeyPacks outbreak, McQueston said. Patients whose cases have been reviewed by the CDC as of last week are either cured or have already been cured, “and those who still have scars are advised to stay home and stay away from other people until they are completely cured.”
Complete recovery occurs “when all the wounds have fallen off, the scabs fall off, and new healthy skin appears,” McQueston said. Once all the scabs have fallen off, a person is no longer contagious.
Recent cases of monkeypox in the United States are known to CDC officials among adults, McQueston said, and the most reported international trip in 21 days before their symptoms begin. It usually takes seven to 14 days for a person to show symptoms after being exposed to monkeypox, but it can take up to 21 days.
McQueston said authorities are working hard to control the outbreak.
“Our containment strategy focuses on identifying cases, identifying their contacts and ensuring that vaccines are offered to them and is isolated to prevent those cases from progressing,” McQueston said.
The recent outbreak is worrisome as cases of monkey pox are rarely found in the United States, officials say.
In 2003 alone, there was an outbreak of the previous American monkeypox, which resulted in 71 confirmed or suspected cases – mostly in Wisconsin, Indiana and Illinois. The infected people came in contact with pet prairie dogs obtained from an animal distributor in suburban Chicago, which was placed near the Gambian giant mouse and Dormis from Ghana.
Although monkey pox can be fatal in countries with poor health care resources, the 2003 U.S. outbreak did not lead to any deaths.