By Sarah Bristol
They will leave the light for you.
Lighthouses have been leading ships in Washington since 1856, when the Cape of Despair Lantern was first lit at the treacherous mouth of the Columbia River. You can see their glowing beacons on all our shores, islands and waterways, helping ships navigate safely across local waters.
In fact, three of Washington’s 26 lighthouses – Mukiltio, Admiralty Head and Bush Point – are located in the Snowmish and Island counties, north of Seattle, in the Everett and Widbee Island communities. All three were illuminated by oil lamps lit by their guards.
The two were designed by renowned architect Carl Leake, equipped with fourth-order Fresnel lenses, and were painted in traditional white with green trim and a red roof. Connected with a farmer named Kisan.
Your first stop on this Coast Lighthouse Tour? Mukilto Lighthouse Park (unless, of course, you live on Widby Island.)
In 1901, the Lighthouse Board decided that a light and fog signal should be erected at Point Elliott to assist aircraft leading to position sound.
The Victorian-style wooden lighthouse was designed by Leak and built in 1906 at a cost of about $ 27,000 – about $ 851,000 in today’s money.
The Mukilteo Light Station, listed in the National Register of Historic Sites in 1977, features a foghorn, two guard quarters, an oil rig and a windmill over a well.
“The lighthouse is the epitome of the city,” said Joanne Mulloy, president of the Mukilteo Historical Society. “This is our third place – this is the best way to describe it.”
Mukiltio’s light signal is on for two seconds and off for three seconds. The lantern at the top of the 38-foot tower was equipped with a revolving fourth-order Fresnel lens, often referred to as the invention that saves one million ships.
“Our claim to fame is that we are the only active Fresnel lens in the state of Washington,” Mulloy said. “There are probably six left on the West Coast.”
The fog signal was often as valuable as the light for ships. An 8-foot diaphragm fog at the rear of the compressed air-powered lighthouse and explodes every 4 seconds for 4 seconds. Around 1970, a modern horn was built near the water with a sensor that could detect fog within half a mile.
In 1927, electricity was introduced and the current Fresnel lens replaced the original. The Coast Guard automated the lighthouse in 1979.
From 1906 to 1990, a total of 19 lighthouse keepers were stationed at the Mukiltio Light Station. The first keeper, Peter Christensen, served there until his death in 1925. Christensen received a reward for rescuing the crew of a founding ship near the Mukiltio Assignment. His last post was at the Turnpoint Lighthouse on San Juan Island.
Even today, the lighthouse continues to be an important navigational aid, including for boats plying between Mukilteo and Clinton on Vidby Island.
Living quarters for a bodyguard and assistant bodyguard now operate as a museum and a gift shop run by the Militia Historical Society volunteers.
The Mukiltio Light Station, 608 Front St., will remain open on a limited basis this year due to repairs and improvements. The grounds are accessible throughout the year. For more information, visit mukilteohistorical.org.
Next, visit the Admiralty Head Lighthouse in Coopville on Widbe Island. It is located on the grounds of Fort Casey State Park.
There are actually two Admiralty Head Lighthouses named after them to shine on the Admiralty Inlet.
The original, also known as the Red Bluff Lighthouse, was built in 1861. The Cape Cod-style structure featured a square wooden tower on the roof of a two-story guard quarters.
Wayne Clark, president of Admiralty Head Lighthouse’s keepers, said: “The light signal from Admiralty Head did not flash. It had a steady 270-degree incandescent light. There are accounts for another 90 degree door that they had to open to clean it.
During the Spanish-American War of 1898, the 40-foot tower lighthouse was forced to be converted so that the army could build Fort Casey. It stood in an ideal place for the placement of the cannons of the fort. Red Bluff was demolished in 1928.
A transfer was made in 1903 at a distance of one to three football fields. Leek designed a two-story Spanish-style lighthouse with guard quarters and a conic tower. It was made of brick and covered in stucco for about $ 12,000 – or about ,500 400,500 in today’s money. In the 30-foot tower, its lantern was painted black and equipped with the original Fresnel lens.
The Admiralty Head was closed in 1922, and the Lantern was moved to the New Dungeon Lighthouse near Sequim in 1927.
“The bureau asked the ship’s captains if the light was still valuable to them,” Clark said. “It was more of a position light than a protection light. With the ability to navigate the inlet with steamships, it was no longer required.
A total of seven lighthouse keepers were appointed at Admiralty Heads from 1861 to 1922. The first keeper, William Robertson, also served as Island County coroner and postmaster during his three-year tenure.
During World War II, the lighthouse was painted olive drab and served as barracks for the Army’s K-9 Corps.
Since 1955, the Washington State Parks and Island County Historical Society have worked to restore the lighthouse and its oil house. Most notably, in 2012, three Widbe Island High Schools helped build a historically accurate Lantern House and erected it at the top of the tower.
Today, the Lighthouse serves as a gift shop and a museum run by the Admiralty Head Lighthouse Volunteer Guardians.
The Admiralty Head Lighthouse is open at 1280 Angle Road, Coopville, May through Thursday to Sunday from 11am to 4pm and daily from June to August from 11am to 4pm. For more, Admiralty Head on Facebook Find the lighthouse keepers. Information.
The Bush Point lighthouse is also on Vidby Island. You have never seen such a lighthouse.
The Bush Point Lighthouse was built in 1933. Unlike Mukiltio and Admiralty Heads, there are no guard quarters, no climbing towers, no gift shops. The light sits on top of a 20-foot pyramidal square concrete tower. It is painted white with blue trim.
Note: It is located on a private property near Lake Avenue in Freeland. Which means you can’t go to the lighthouse – you can just photograph it from the street.
The road between Bush Point and Maroston Island is narrow. Before the Lighthouse Board determined the need for lighting, Bush Point was marked by a private lamp owned by John Farmer, a rooster and rancher from 1860 to 1910.
Each evening, farmers climbed 17 steps to hang an oil lamp from a wooden gallows to aid the ships.
“It’s probably not going to get a lot of guests, but it’s very emotional for me,” said Darla Farmer, who was married to a family that founded Lighting at Bush Point. “I’ve been around this for a long time.”
In 1894, a postlight with a tubular-lantern light was erected by the Lighthouse Board.
Following a plane crash on Maroston Island, Bush Point was upgraded for improved lighting and new fog signals, totaling $ 6,200 – about $ 135,200 in today’s money.
The Bush Point light signal was on for 5 seconds and then off for 5 seconds, while the compressed-air horn mounted on the tower would explode every 5 seconds for 5 seconds if needed. It was replaced with a diaphragm horn in 1945, followed by a modern one in 1973.
ਧੁੰਦ ਦਾ ਸਿਗਨਲ 1976 ਵਿੱਚ ਬੰਦ ਕਰ ਦਿੱਤਾ ਗਿਆ ਸੀ, ਪਰ ਤੱਟ ਰੱਖਿਅਕ ਅਜੇ ਵੀ ਬੁਸ਼ ਪੁਆਇੰਟ ਦੇ ਤੰਗ ਰਸਤੇ ਵਿੱਚੋਂ ਜਹਾਜ਼ਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਨੈਵੀਗੇਟ ਕਰਨ ਵਿੱਚ ਮਦਦ ਕਰਨ ਲਈ ਰੋਸ਼ਨੀ ਬਰਕਰਾਰ ਰੱਖਦਾ ਹੈ।
ਡਾਰਲਾ ਫਾਰਮਰ ਕੋਲ 1955 ਦੀ ਇੱਕ ਤਸਵੀਰ ਹੈ ਜੋ ਉਸਨੂੰ ਲਾਈਟਹਾਊਸ ਵਿੱਚ ਇੱਕ ਨਵੇਂ ਸਵਿਮਸੂਟ ਵਿੱਚ ਪੋਜ਼ ਦਿੰਦੀ ਦਿਖਾਈ ਦਿੰਦੀ ਹੈ। ਉਹ ਹੁਣੇ ਹੀ 14 ਸਾਲ ਦੀ ਹੋਈ ਸੀ।
“ਮੈਂ ਸੋਚਿਆ ਕਿ ਮੈਂ ਉਸ ਨਹਾਉਣ ਵਾਲੇ ਸੂਟ ਵਿੱਚ ਬਹੁਤ ਵਧੀਆ ਲੱਗ ਰਿਹਾ ਸੀ, ਇਸਲਈ ਮੇਰੇ ਕੋਲ ਲਾਈਟਹਾਊਸ ਦੀ ਇੱਕ ਤਸਵੀਰ ਹੈ ਜਿਸ ਵਿੱਚ ਮੇਰੀਆਂ ਬਾਹਾਂ ਹਵਾ ਵਿੱਚ ਹਨ ਜਿਵੇਂ ‘ਮੇਰੇ ਵੱਲ ਦੇਖੋ!’” ਕਿਸਾਨ ਨੇ ਕਿਹਾ। “ਮੈਂ ਸੋਚਿਆ ਕਿ ਮੈਂ ਮਾਰਲਿਨ ਮੋਨਰੋ ਹਾਂ।”
ਇਹ ਲੇਖ ਵਾਸ਼ਿੰਗਟਨ ਨੌਰਥ ਕੋਸਟ ਮੈਗਜ਼ੀਨ ਦੇ ਗਰਮੀਆਂ ਦੇ ਅੰਕ ਵਿੱਚ ਪ੍ਰਦਰਸ਼ਿਤ ਕੀਤਾ ਗਿਆ ਹੈ, ਜੋ ਕਿ ਸਨੋਹੋਮਿਸ਼ ਅਤੇ ਆਈਲੈਂਡ ਕਾਉਂਟੀਆਂ ਦੀ ਪੜਚੋਲ ਕਰਨ ਵਾਲੇ ਦ ਡੇਲੀ ਹੈਰਾਲਡ ਦਾ ਇੱਕ ਪੂਰਕ ਹੈ। ਵਧੇਰੇ ਜਾਣਕਾਰੀ ਲਈ www.washingtonnorthcoast.com ‘ਤੇ ਜਾਓ।
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