Although the monsoon brings relief from the scorching heat, it also brings life-saving diseases, while the number of dengue, malaria, swine flu, leptospirosis and gastric patients increases during the rainy season. In such cases, if there is no proper treatment in time, the patient may even die.
Apart from this, many other diseases also bother us. The risk of fungal infection, diarrhea, food infection, viral fever and eye problems is high, but since most of the people do not know about the symptoms of these diseases, it is important to create public awareness about these diseases during the rainy season.
In an interview with HT Lifestyle, Dr Tribhuvan Gulati, specialist in Diabetes, Thyroid, Metabolic Disorders at Apollo Spectra Hospital, Delhi, reveals 5 monsoon diseases, their causes, symptoms and how to take care of them during monsoons:
1. Fungal infection
Along with various diseases during rainy season, monsoon also brings many skin related diseases. Humidity increases significantly during the rainy season. Due to this, fungal and bacterial infections and skin allergies also increase. Therefore, it is important to take good care of the skin during the monsoon season.
Fungal infection causes – Poor lifestyle choices increase the risk of fungal infections. For example, if you are a runner (athlete). Or if you sweat a lot, you may experience more symptoms of a fungal infection called athlete’s foot. Fungus often grows in hot, cold environments. Wearing sweaty clothes is also a risk factor for skin infections. Cuts or tears in the skin can also allow bacteria to enter the deeper layers of the skin and cause various types of infections and infections. Poor personal hygiene, excessive sweating, wearing tight clothes and shoes, taking antibiotics and a weak immune system can also cause this.
Symptoms – Redness of the skin, wrinkling, frequent itching, blisters and blisters in the itchy area, tingling sensation in the itchy area, burning sensation in the itchy area are some of its symptoms.
treatment – In order not to get fungal infection in monsoon, you should not wear wet clothes and bathe daily, the body should be completely dry after soaking in water. Dry well, wear clean ironed clothes, if you have foot infection, don’t wear shoes or other clothes. Do not use towels, soap, combs, do not wear cotton and loose clothes, and do not wear tight clothes. Do not use any creams, wash clothes with hot water, and do not open with nails, this can lead to infection.
It happens when you have problems with your gastrointestinal tract. It is a digestive problem that can usually be caused by bacteria or viruses. In addition, contaminated water and food, any medication and allergies can cause diarrhea. There are many symptoms of diarrhea. Depending on whether you have diarrhea, you may experience one or more symptoms.
Common Signs and Symptoms of Diarrhea – Nausea, abdominal pain, feeling tired, slow motion, dehydration, fever and blood in the stool. In addition, the symptoms of diarrhea in small children should not be ignored. Many children have symptoms such as headache, urinary incontinence, fatigue, fever, irritability and lethargy. If you notice these things in your child, take him to the doctor immediately. If treated on time, the child can recover quickly.
Treatment and prevention measures to avoid diarrhea – Rotavirus is the main cause of diarrhea. Diarrhea can be prevented through rotavirus vaccination. That’s why it’s important to vaccinate children. It is important to wash your hands after returning from the toilet. Keep leftovers and other foods in the refrigerator. Wash raw fruits and vegetables thoroughly with water. Avoid consuming street food. Drinking green tea can reduce the symptoms of diarrhea. Due to lack of vitamin ‘A’ in the body, people get diarrhea. Therefore, vitamin A foods may prove to be beneficial. People with diarrhea need more water in their body. Your doctor will suggest oral rehydration (a way to reduce dehydration in your body). Oral rehydration is suitable for both children and adults.
3. Food contamination
Many people worry about food contamination. Food poisoning is a common problem during monsoons. Millions of people fall victim to it every year and thousands become seriously ill. Therefore, it is important to treat it immediately when it appears.
Symptoms of food contamination – Stomach pain, nausea, loose motion and vomiting problems start due to food infection. There are many cases, in which it starts with headache. Apart from this, there is a lot of gas formation in the stomach and one feels tired.
Cause of food contamination – Infection can occur through contact with food containing bacteria. Taking antibiotics, eating spoiled food, and some people with stomach problems like constipation or gas can cause food poisoning. People with reduced immunity are more likely to get foodborne infections. One of the causes of food contamination is genetics. Therefore, if a person’s family suffers from food poisoning, special care should be taken about health.
Preventive Measures to Avoid Foodborne Infections – Don’t keep food outside for too long during rainy season. Do not eat leftovers on the second day. Wash vegetables and fruits thoroughly. Also try drinking ORS.
4. Viral fever
Due to the change in weather during the rainy season, most of the people get viral fever and cough. Viral infections can occur at any age but are more common in children. Children get fever because of their low immunity. In such a situation, fatigue, cough, infectious cold, vomiting, diarrhea are common in children. High temperatures can also cause dehydration. People have symptoms like fatigue, cough, joint pain, cold, sore throat, headache.
Cause of viral fever – Due to contaminated water and food contamination, microscopic particles in the polluted air have entered the body. Lack of immunity and exposure to a patient with viral fever are other causes.
Ways to Avoid Viral Fever – Eat boiled vegetables and green vegetables. Avoid contaminated water and food. Drink boiled water, and avoid contact with patients suffering from viral fever. Follow a proper diet during the change of season. To keep the immune system strong, adopt a healthy lifestyle.
It is an infection that causes swelling of the eye. Due to which the eyes become red, swollen and sticky. During the rainy season, eye infections occur and the eyes become red. One will also have water flow. Contact with a person suffering from this eye problem can also spread the infection to another person. In case of any type of infection, consult a doctor immediately.
Symptoms of Conjunctivitis – Eye redness, constant watery eyes, eyelid swelling, eye irritation, blurred vision and eye swelling are some of the symptoms that should be taken care of.
Ways to avoid eye infections – Wash your hands regularly with soap and water, avoid sharing your personal items, avoid touching your eyes with dirty hands, and use hand sanitizer.
Treatment of conjunctivitis – Pink eye treatment is determined by the underlying cause. In some cases, the symptoms go away on their own within a few days. In such circumstances, the underlying infection may require therapy with oral medications. You should also avoid wearing contact lenses unless your ophthalmologist tells you to do so. Do not wear your contact lenses unless you have conjunctivitis.